Prednisone is a man-made corticosteroid taken for a number of conditions in both veterinary and human medicine nowadays. Basically, it’s a very effective anti-inflammatory medicine, and it works by affecting the entire inflammatory process at different levels, but its intake is associated with specific side effects. This medication can be given both topically and by injections. Find out more about Prednisone for veterinary use.
How It Treats Cats and Dogs
When it comes to Prednisone for dogs and cats, this medication is used for a number of conditions. For example, it can be taken in all kinds of emergency situations, such as anaphylactic complications, different forms of shock and so on. Veterinarians also use Prednisone to treat and manage such immune mediated ailments as thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, dermatologic diseases, different CNS disorders, allergic reactions, neoplasia, hives, asthma, inflammatory orthopedic conditions, endocrine disorders, inflammatory bowel diseases and many others. This means that this medicine is very popular in terms of veterinary uses. For instance, pay attention to using Prednisone for dog cancer. The main difference between treating cats and dogs is that cats usually require high doses to achieve the necessary clinical response. The good news is that cats are less likely to have any severe adverse effects when taking Prednisone as an effective itchy skin treatment or for other purposes.
Using Prednisone for Horses
This medicine must be taken systematically to reduce unwanted immune and inflammatory responses. For many years, it has been used orally to treat COPD and a range of other immune mediated and allergic disorders in horses. Based on the latest studies, it’s proven that horses don’t absorb this medication orally, and that’s why modern veterinarians prefer other available corticosteroids for any intra-articular use.
Possible Adverse Effects
Generally, systematic side effects of Prednisone are based on a specific dose and treatment length. When it’s taken for a short time, it’s quite unlikely to cause any adverse effects, but they are more common in animals that use immunosuppressive doses of this drug. For dogs, possible Prednisone side effects include:
- Diarrhea and sudden weight gain;
- Vomiting and diabetes;
- Muscle wasting and unusual behavioral changes;
- Polydipsia and polyuria;
- Increased liver enzymes and gastrointestinal ulcers.
When it comes to treating cats, their possible side effects include:
- Sudden weight gain and different gastrointestinal disturbances;
- Unusual behavioral changes and polyphagia.
Just like other corticosteroids, the intake of Prednisone may worsen or cause gastric ulcers.
Important Prednisone Precautions
When using this medication for different veterinary purposes, there are certain precautions that should be taken into account. It’s worth mentioning that its inappropriate or chronic use may lead to dangerous metabolic and hormonal changes. Severe side effects are more likely to occur when taking Prednisone in higher doses or for a long time. That’s why those animals that receive this medication as their long-term treatment must be withdrawn slowly. It also suppressed their immune response, thus, making animals more susceptible to different viral and bacterial infections.